Focusing on Issues & Related Core Concepts

Concepts are simply tools to be used to make decisions that will improve the lives of people.
Focusing on issues that affect the lives of people as a way of identifying core concepts needed by engaged citizens is a way to put the well-being of people and society at the heart of the PostPandemic Curriculum Project.


To be successful in reforming our schools and our society, the Post-Pandemic Curriculum Project will need to identify a fairly small number of concepts that underlie the most important public policy issues confronting us.  I expect that the process will become decentralized and somewhat chaotic before a consensus emerges.  I have no expectation, and frankly lack the capability,  of controlling the process.

People and institutions have limited capacities, including a limitation on the number of concepts that they can keep in mind at a given time.

Cluttering this precious “concept-space” with concepts that have little or no effect on the state of the world is more than wasteful.  It does active harm, like using operating room space to store surplus football uniforms instead of surgical equipment, blood supplies, and ventilators.


To get things started, I have identified a list of core concepts that I think are needed by engaged citizens in a robust accountable democracy.  I am certain that the list is incomplete, and that some concepts that I consider to be core are of secondary importance.  My purpose is to provide a starting point, not suggest a final list.  I claim no special insights.  I am as blind to my own blindness as anyone else.

Why couple “core concepts” to issues, rather than just identify the concepts directly?


Asking the question “Does this concept help to make sense of at least one very serious public policy challenge?” is the equivalent of Marie Kondo’s question “Does it spark joy?”  Both questions force you to look at something that you are attached to in a new, and critical, light.

Until it interacts with the world, a concept – no matter how ornate and finely-crafted – is simply an interesting feat of the intellect   Its true value only becomes apparent when it is applied to an issue facing people.

As I’ve developed my own list of core concepts, I have found myself leaving off some concepts that are very close to my heart – including Plate Tectonics, Special Relativity, and Natural Selection.  Although these provide exceptional insight into the workings of the world, I was not convinced that there are major public policy issues that require an understanding of any of these concepts.

Sayre’s Law: “In any dispute, the intensity of feeling is inversely proportional to the value of the stakes at issue” And a corollary: “Given the choice, most people prefer to battle over small differences than calmly address large issues.”

There is something comfortable about staying on the familiar ground of small differences.  You don’t have to work that hard to understand what is going on, and your standard arguments are good enough.  This lets you focus more of your attention on emotion, giving the older parts of your brain a good work-out, and your over-worked executive brain functions a rest.  Unfortunately this approach generates more noise than innovative thinking.


“My concept is better than your concept” vs. “How does this concept contribute to that shared issue?” 

Recently the standard bare-knuckle “Positional” negotiating strategy of tabling competing offers before hammering out a “compromise” somewhere in between has come under attack inviting unnecessary and unhelpful conflict.  Proponents of “Principled” or “Getting to Yes” negotiations recognize that discussions are both more productive and more collegial when they invite people to search for a solution to a shared goal.   Starting with a shared public policy issue and looking for underlying concepts is inherently more collaborative, and likely more productive, than haggling over nuances of how a concept is described.


Core concepts common to many important policy issues will naturally emerge.

There are untold numbers of concepts that might be considered as “core”; each will have its own staunch proponents.  Sorting through these to arrive at a list of a few dozen is an onerous task.  The number of critically important public policy issues is much smaller than the number of favoured concepts, and the task of identifying the underlying concepts needed to make sense of each of these issues is manageable and largely ego-free.  Most importantly, some of concepts will arise for only a couple of these issues, while others will appear time and time again (cognitive distortions and exponential growth are two that come immediately to mind).


Starting with issues will help bring people with diverse backgrounds into conversation with each other.  

If the conversations centred on concepts, it is most likely that mathematicians would congregate to discuss those arising from the maths, anthropologists to discuss those arising from anthropology, etc.  Each siloed group would have the same sort of discussions that they have had for years, with few fresh ideas injected.  Making the discussion about issues will likely bring people with diverse backgrounds and viewpoints into contact with each other – issues such as criminal justice reform or redressing the residual effects of oppression transcend disciplines.  Concepts ranging from statistics to psychology and from brain development to finances underlie these issues and will result in people with many technical and experiential backgrounds sharing perspectives and learning from each other..



Suggested Issues & Related Core Concepts


Starting with a blank piece of paper (or screen) is hard.  Sometimes it helps to have the beginnings of an outline, even if you discard it and start again shortly afterwards.  Please treat my thoughts here as a point of departure rather than a clear map to a fixed destination.

To provide some initial structure, I have outlined a three dozen core concepts, along with four issues that are likely on most everyone’s top 10:


Thanks for joining the Post-Pandemic Curriculum Project.

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If you have any ideas on how to expand and/or improve these discussions, please share them..

                   Making these discussions more productive